Thursday, March 7, 2013

The Info is Here, and not Being Acted On...Seralini Also Showed Us That Monsanto and Minions' Pesticides Kill By a Slow Death!

February 21, 2013
In a new research paper published in the high ranked scientific journal Toxicology, Robin Mesnage, Benoît Bernay and Professor Gilles-Eric Séralini, from the University of Caen, France, have proven (from a study of nine Roundup-like herbicides) that the most toxic compound is not glyphosate, which is the substance the most assessed by regulatory authorities, but a compound that is not always listed on the label, called POE-15.

Ethoxylated adjuvants of glyphosate-based herbicides are active principles of human cell toxicity
Pesticides are always used in formulations as mixtures of an active principle with adjuvants. Glyphosate, the active ingredient of the major pesticide in the world, is an herbicide supposed to be specific on plant metabolism. Its adjuvants are generally considered as inert diluents. Since side effects for all these compounds have been claimed, we studied potential active principles for toxicity on human cells for 9 glyphosate-based formulations. For this we detailed their compositions and toxicities, and as controls we used a major adjuvant (the polyethoxylated tallowamine POE-15), glyphosate alone, and a total formulation without glyphosate. This was performed after 24 h exposures on hepatic (HepG2), embryonic (HEK293) and placental (JEG3) cell lines. We measured mitochondrial activities, membrane degradations, and caspases 3/7 activities. The compositions in adjuvants were analyzed by mass spectrometry. Here we demonstrate that all formulations are more toxic than glyphosate, and we separated experimentally three groups of formulations differentially toxic according to their concentrations in ethoxylated adjuvants. Among them, POE-15 clearly appears to be the most toxic principle against human cells, even if others are not excluded. It begins to be active with negative dose-dependent effects on cellular respiration and membrane integrity between 1 and 3 ppm, at environmental/occupational doses.

We demonstrate in addition that POE-15 induces necrosis when its first micellization process occurs, by contrast to glyphosate which is known to promote endocrine disrupting effects after entering cells. Altogether, these results challenge the establishment of guidance values such as the acceptable daily intake of glyphosate, when these are mostly based on a long term in vivo test of glyphosate alone. Since pesticides are always used with adjuvants that could change their toxicity, the necessity to assess their whole formulations as mixtures becomes obvious. This challenges the concept of active principle of pesticides for non-target species.

Our studies show that glyphosate acts as a disruptor of mammalian cytochrome P450 aromatase activity from concentrations 100 times lower than the recommended use in agriculture, and this is noticeable on human placental cells after only 18 hr, and it can also affect aromatase gene expression. It also partially disrupts the ubiquitous reductase activity but at higher concentrations. Its effects are allowed and amplified by at least 0.02% of the adjuvants present in Roundup, known to facilitate cell penetration, and this should be carefully taken into account in pesticide evaluation. The dilution of glyphosate in Roundup formulation may multiply its endocrine effect. Roundup may be thus considered as a potential endocrine disruptor. Moreover, at higher doses still below the classical agricultural dilutions, its toxicity on placental cells could favor some reproduction problems.

Differential effects of glyphosate and roundup on human placental cells and aromatase.
Richard S, Moslemi S, Sipahutar H, Benachour N, Seralini GE.
SourceLaboratoire de Biochimie et Biologie Moleculaire, USC-INCRA, Université de Caen, Caen, France.

Roundup is a glyphosate-based herbicide used worldwide, including on most genetically modified plants that have been designed to tolerate it. Its residues may thus enter the food chain, and glyphosate is found as a contaminant in rivers. Some agricultural workers using glyphosate have pregnancy problems, but its mechanism of action in mammals is questioned. Here we show that glyphosate is toxic to human placental JEG3 cells within 18 hr with concentrations lower than those found with agricultural use, and this effect increases with concentration and time or in the presence of Roundup adjuvants. Surprisingly, Roundup is always more toxic than its active ingredient. We tested the effects of glyphosate and Roundup at lower nontoxic concentrations on aromatase, the enzyme responsible for estrogen synthesis. The glyphosate-based herbicide disrupts aromatase activity and mRNA levels and interacts with the active site of the purified enzyme, but the effects of glyphosate are facilitated by the Roundup formulation in microsomes or in cell culture. We conclude that endocrine and toxic effects of Roundup, not just glyphosate, can be observed in mammals. We suggest that the presence of Roundup adjuvants enhances glyphosate bioavailability and/or bioaccumulation.
tests: "inert" and active ingredients. [Environ Health Perspect. 2005]

....primary neonate umbilical cord vein cells have been tested with 293 embryonic kidney and JEG3 placental cell lines. All R formulations cause total cell death within 24 h, through an inhibition of the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase activity, and necrosis, by release of cytosolic adenylate kinase measuring membrane damage. They also induce apoptosis via activation of enzymatic caspases 3/7 activity. This is confirmed by characteristic DNA fragmentation, nuclear shrinkage (pyknosis), and nuclear fragmentation (karyorrhexis), which is demonstrated by DAPI in apoptotic round cells. G provokes only apoptosis, and HUVEC are 100 times more sensitive overall at this level. The deleterious effects are not proportional to G concentrations but rather depend on the nature of the adjuvants. AMPA and POEA separately and synergistically damage cell membranes like R but at different concentrations. Their mixtures are generally even more harmful with G. In conclusion, the R adjuvants like POEA change human cell permeability and amplify toxicity induced already by G, through apoptosis and necrosis. The real threshold of G toxicity must take into account the presence of adjuvants but also G metabolism and time-amplified effects or bioaccumulation. This should be discussed when analyzing the in vivo toxic actions of R. This work clearly confirms that the adjuvants in Roundup formulations are not inert. Moreover, the proprietary mixtures available on the market could cause cell damage and even death around residual levels to be expected, especially in food and feed derived from R formulation-treated crops.

Dont forget BPA....

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a common ingredient in a wide variety of products. It is a high production volume chemical with global output exceeding 6 billion pounds annually.

BPA is the monomer used to make polycarbonate plastics. Many polycarbonate bottle manufacturers, including Nalgene and most baby bottle producers, voluntarily agreed to stop using BPA last year, but older containers likely contain it.

In addition, BPA is the monomer used to make resins that line the interior of metal food and beverage cans. BPA is also found in thermal paper, medical devices, medical tubing, dental sealants, eye glasses, compact discs, plastic water pipes and many other products. Because BPA is used in carbonless paper receipts at high levels, and because these are recycled, recycled paper can contain BPA, including, for example, the recycled cardboard used to make pizza boxes.

BPA is released from products into food, drink and the air. It is also in dust and can be breathed or absorbed through the skin. People are frequently exposed through contaminated food and beverages because the chemical readily leaches from containers, especially when heated. The magnitude of exposure created by handling carbonless receipts (e.g., credit card receipts) has not yet been determined. It is likely to be significant.

Nearly all Americans have BPA in their blood, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Children have higher levels than adults.

There is ample evidence that BPA acts as an endocrine disruptor in laboratory animals, even at low doses. Whether or not significant health effects in humans result from BPA exposure remains controversial. Urinary levels of BPA have recently been associated with chronic disease in humans including heart disease and diabetes as well as behavioral changes in toddlers.

The Environmental Protection Agency considers a "safe" level of exposure to be 50 micrograms per kilogram of body weight per day. Recent experiments with primates indicate human exposure may be much higher than this on a regular basis.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently reversed its long-held position of the chemical's safety, now finding "some concern" for children's health. The agency is conducting more studies and will also evaluate BPA's safety in medical devices, a process that may conclude early next year. The National Toxicology Program (NTP) has stated that there is "some concern" that BPA may have adverse effects on the “brain, behavior and prostate gland in fetuses, infants, and children.
conducting more studies????...BS

Something Good to Look...
Eat the Rainbo

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